Male sterilization, also referred to as a vasectomy, is a permanent form of birth control that’s extremely effective at preventing pregnancy. It usually involves minor, outpatient surgery where will close the two vas deferens, or the “tubes”, that carry sperm from the testicles to your urethra. Following sterilization, a man can still produce sperm but they’re unable to travel out of the testicles. There are two types if vasectomies we can consider:

  • A conventional vasectomy – the doctor uses one or more minor cuts to the testicles to cut the vas deferens tubes.
  • A no-scalpel vasectomy – the doctor uses a small puncture in the testicles to extract the vas deferens to make the cut.

Vasectomies are generally an excellent solution for patients who choose not to have children, for men who are finished having children, and if there’s some incompatibility between partners that would prevent them from having healthy children (i.e a genetic disorder). There are some cases where a patient is seeking help to have the procedure reversed where the doctor can reattach the vas deferens tubes but it can be a more involved surgical procedure that doesn’t always guarantee success.